Earnings
April 17, 2019 - BNS
New! Bank of Nova Scotia, Q1-2019 Earnings & Price Target Update .....
April 17, 2019 - RY
New! Royal Bank of Canada - Q1-2019 Earnings, Price Target Update .....
April 16, 2019 - TD
New! TD Bank - Q1-2019 Earnings, Price Target Update .....
April 14, 2019 - HR.UN
H&R REIT - 2018 Earnings & Price Target Update .....
April 13, 2019 - AX.UN
Artis REIT - 2018 Earnings, Price Target Forecast .....
April 11, 2019 - TA
Transalta Corporation - 2018 Earnings, Brookfield Offer .....
April 9, 2019 - RNW
Transalta Renewables Inc. - 2018 Earnings & Price Target Forecast .....
April 7, 2019 - INE
Innergex Renewable Energy 2018 Earnings & Price Target Update .....
Recommendation Changes
AX.UN, PEGI, NPI, NFI, ALA, more...
How Currency Changes Impact Valuation
Currency fluctuations must be considered when making value estimates for income trusts. Estimating the future impact on the income statement, balance sheet and statement of cash flows from changes in the $US vs $Cdn becomes important when the relative currency values have significant changes. The following guide identifies the direction of potential changes on the financial statements.

Impact on Income Statement and Balance Sheet

A rising $C and weaker $US is good for trusts that

1.  Earn revenues in $C and have expenses in $C or better if their expenses are in $US.
2.  Have assets that located in Canada financed with either $C loans or even better if the loans are denominated in $US.

A rising $C and weaker $US is negative for trusts that

3.  Earn revenues in $US and have expenses in $US or worse yet, if their expenses are in $C.
4. Have assets that located in the US that are financed with either $US loans or worse if their loans are denominated in $C.

Hedging Correctly Provides Temporary Relief Some trusts have correctly anticipated the rising $C and locked in the purchase of $C to cover their currency exposure. Hedge contracts generally run no more than 2 years so this provides the benefit of time to adjust operating costs and also means no currency losses will be incurred in the hedge period.

Statement of Cash Flows Currency gains and losses can be realized or unrealized. Realized means the amounts were actually incurred and directly affected cash flows. Unrealized means the amounts are only estimates based on current market values and have no immediate impact on cash flows. For example a Canadian trust may have a $US long term loan that results in a unrealized gain when the loan balance is translated to $C for inclusion on the financial statements. No cash will be generated, the amount is an estimate only. Unrealized gains/losses are generally much less significant than realized gains/losses when valuing trusts.


Produced by H.C. Levant, – Reproduction of this material in part or it’s entirety is subject to copyright licensing agreements and is forbidden except only with the express written consent of the author.

New Issues & Acquisition
April 18, 2019
New! Surge Energy Inc 6.75% Convertible Debenture New Issue
April 12, 2019
New! Coverage Universe - Weekly Price Changes - Apr. 5-12, 2019
April 8, 2019
Bank of Montreal 5.1% Rate Reset Preferred Share New Isssue
April 5, 2019
Coverage Universe - Weekly Price Changes - Mar 29-Apr 5, 2019
March 29, 2019
Coverage Universe - Weekly Price Changes - Mar 22-29, 2019
March 28, 2019
Element Financial Corp. 4.25% Convertible Debenture New Issue
March 22, 2019
Coverage Universe - Weekly Price Changes - Mar 15-22, 2019
March 21, 2019
Atrium Mortgage Investment Corporation - New Convertible Debenture